Artificial Intelligence has already made itself home in India, especially after the Government of India’s NITI Aayog, orchestrated positive efforts to integrate AI within the workings of the Government and the economy. However, there is a long way to go. India has a treasure trove of young minds and a lot of potentials, yet the progress has been slower when compared to countries like the US and China (scope of Artificial Intelligence in India).
If India wants to be a leader in AI in the future, it needs to invest in AI and AI Research and Development, like the US and China. It not only needs to learn from others but also look towards building AI solutions and applications that are customized according to the Indian society. Unless AI is integrated and deep-rooted within the society, it is just another technology that will take another 10 years to reach each and every Indian.
Scope of AI in India:
AI and automation technologies have been very much all around Indian after the NITI Aayog or the National Institution for Transforming India Aayog had been tasked to establish the National Program on Artificial Intelligence. The focus of AI strategy according to NITI Aayog is concentrated on three major sectors, namely – Agriculture, Health, and Education. The AI strategy is famously termed as #AIForAll (scope of Artificial Intelligence in India).
According to Mr. Amitabh Kant, CEO of NITI Aayog, India has immense potential and scope of becoming an AI Lab of the World. The following are the achievements India has made in the past year towards the Digitalization of India with the help of AI technology:
Arogya Sethu App: India has been proactive in fighting the COVID war with the Arogya Sethu Aap, which was instrumental in locating hotspots and efficiently provided patients with real-time information on potential risk areas around them.
UPI: UPI or Unified Payments Interface is digital has turned a lot of heads including Google that has resonated with the success of the digital payment model and recommended to the US Federal Reserve to follow India’s suit. It has still the potential to impact globally.
NDHM: The National Digital Health Mission is a work in progress that is a leap towards providing Healthcare services to every Indian citizen through a Digital Health ID.
NEP: The National Education Policy is another effort towards filling the gaps in India’s current education system.
AI taking over India’s digital transformation:
India’s vision to leave the ‘Software Outsourcing’ tag and dawn the new tag of ‘Product Platforms-first’ is very much on the way. There are private players too in the role of India’s Digital Transformation, IT and Software companies, multinationals, and start-ups. The Indian Government needs and has the backing of the private sector all the way, from proposals to build AI Applications – AI in health, AI in education, AI in health, etc. According to the Data Analytics cell of the NITI Aayog, the Government has already launched various pilot projects:
Precision Agriculture: Here AI provides satellite imagery and real-time weather data in 15 Indian districts to inflate the yield in farms where the production is low.
Augmented Healthcare: Early diagnosis of Diabetic Retinopathy and Cardiac risk. Radiologists and Pathologists augmentation with AI image recognition especially in rural areas.
Indian Languages Project: This is a project to aid applications development like career counseling etc. through chatbots and AI assistants in 22 Indian languages.
India is still at a nascent stage, yet it has huge potential to apply AI for the Indian society and economy when it manages to adopt AI and Research and Development in AI and pepper AI projects and applications all over India unlike concentrating AI hubs in Bangalore and Hyderabad. There is another issue that needs to be addressed here, i.e., data privacy and human rights. If AI is implemented responsibly and there is accountability, India could benefit from it incredibly, provided data privacy and human rights are not side-lined (scope of Artificial Intelligence in India).
Future of AI in India:
To make sure India is on the right track, India Stack was launched as a guiding compass by the Government. It is a gateway to becoming global leaders in high-end technology such as AI, 5G, Machine Learning, Genomics, IoT, Blockchain, and more. During the COVID pandemic, the Indian Government has encouraged Indian Private companies to create innovative solutions, and the same has been delivered that would work on virtual higher education, increase financial inclusion, supply chain digitalization in India, connecting job seekers with job providers, tele-medi-care, agricultural arbitration and more.
Apart from multinationals like Google, Reliance ADA, Amazon, AIG, Infosys, NVIDIA, etc., there are other companies like Alpha InfoLab that have made efforts to be part of India’s Digitalization. Alpha InfoLab is an IT and Software company that has its own in-house IT Products and Services to automate business clients. It is also an Official Broker of RIRs (Regional Internet Registries) to mediate and facilitate between IPv4 Sellers and Buyers and the RIRs. Alpha InfoLab has also developed its own Exchange Platform for IPv4, ipv4.deals, to make the bidding for IPv4 transparent and smooth so that buyers and sellers of IPv4 bid at a fair IPv4 Market Price.